Maastricht University has organised a conference on the topic of ‘Recharacterising International Disputes’. With the proliferation of international and regional courts and tribunals, the number of disputes submitted to various regimes has significantly increased. International and regional dispute settlement bodies are more frequently addressing issues involving a broader set of norms and circumstances than those with which they are seized. This phenomenon is not new, but it has be­come more prevalent in recent decades. The phenomenon can be attributed to several factors, including the hyper-judicialisation of international crises and the growing use of international adjudicative bodies as part of forum shopping strategies and separate international lawfare tactics. In view of these, concerns about coherence and unity in the international legal order contin­ue to surface. In light of this heightened practice, it is worth considering the norms, areas of law, and factual circumstances that give rise to this kind of recharaterisation of disputes and instances of multiple-fora litigation. Such consideration could shed light on the current challenges facing the international legal order and attempts to accommodate the diverse and evolving needs of the international community.