9 years after the murder of Boris Nemtsov on the streets of Moscow, Dmitry Gudkov, and Anastasia Shevchenko discuss how to work on an alternative to the corrupt and authoritarian system that has been in place under Putin – and that lays at the root of the Russian war against Ukraine. How can the democratic opposition build a democracy in exile?

Russian opposition and civil society have been pressed out of the country or prosecuted and put in jail. Those who were able to leave the country face various challenges with organizing themselves, like insecure migration possibilities and statuses, or financial trouble due to sanctions. Meaning, the democratic opposition has to build an opposition from exile – while scattered from over the world.

Dmitry Gudkov is a prominent Russian politician and an opposition figure. Having served in Russian Duma previously, he was exiled and is currently living abroad. In his current work, he advocates on behalf of Russian civil society.

Anastasia Shevchenko is a Russian civil rights activist and former political prisoner. In 2015, she was the first person in Russia to be found guilty of participating in a so-called ‘undesirable organization’, after this law came into effect in the Russian Federation.